Pohakula Training Center Army
Pōhakuloa Training Area is located on the island of Hawaiʻi in the high plateau between Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea, and the Hualālai volcanic mountains. It includes a small military airstrip known as Bradshaw Army Airfield.
The Pohakuloa Training Center is located on the island of Hawai’i at 19.756°N 155.547°W. The 108,863 acre (170.1 square miles) facility is nestled in a high plateau in the north-central area of the island. The northern boundary of the base is formed by Mauna Kea and the southern by Mauna Loa. The western border of the Pohakuloa Training Center is marked by the Hualālai volcanic mountains. The eastern edge of the base borders the Hilo Forest Reserve that is home to several endangered species including the bird Palila (Loxioides bailleui). The remote location of the base leaves it accessible by only one road, the Saddle Road, which has a parallel running tank trail. The Pohakula Training Center sits at 6,800 feet and rises to 9,000 feet in some areas. The climate of the training area is humid with sparse vegetation ranging from open māmane forest to grassland and low shrubs.
The Pohakuloa Training Center was first used in 1943 by the United States Marine Corps artillery units from the 5th and 2nd Marine Divisions. The area at this time was known as the Waikoloa Maneuver Area and was comprised of 91,000 acres (142 square miles) leased from local rancher Richard Smart. The openness of the area provided optimal conditions for live-fire artillery training and spotting for forwarding observers. Following World War II the Marines left Pohakuloa Training Center and control of the area was turned back over to Richard Smart. In place of Waikoloa Maneuver Area a smaller live fire area, the Lalamilo Firing Range was established under the control of the Hawaii Territorial Guard.