Holston Army Ammunition Plant
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The mission of Holston Army Ammunition Plant (HSAAP) is to manufacture Research Department Explosive (RDX) and High Melting Explosive (HMX) for ammunition production and development. Research and development plays a vital role in the production of new and better explosives and products. It is government-owned and contractor-operated (GOCO). Information Provided by the Joint Munitions Command
The Holston Army Ammunition Plant, also known as the Holston Ordnance Works, was constructed by Tennessee Eastman in Kingsport, Tennessee to manufacture explosives during World War II.
BAE Systems' division Ordnance Systems, Inc. currently operates the plant under a 25-year facilities use contract. On May 12, 2011, the Army announced that BAE Systems had won the contract to operate Radford Army Ammunition Plant in nearby Radford, VA as well.
Capabilities of the plant include: production and development of insensitive munitions explosives; synthesis and manufacture of high explosives; recrystallization and purification from organic solvents; melt-cast, cast-cured, pressed and extruded explosives formulation; explosives performance testing; full-spectrum explosives research and development capability; and custom and fine chemical manufacture for the defense industry. Information Provided by the Joint Munitions Command
The current plant is on two sites: Plant A is in Kingsport, and Plant B is about 4 miles (6.4 km) away in a less developed part of Hawkins County. The two plants are connected by rail. Plant A has 120 acres (0.49 km2). Plant B has 5,900 acres (24 km2). The site as a whole includes 465 buildings.